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Health Impact of PM10, PM2.5 and Black Carbon Exposure Due to Different Source Sectors in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Umea, Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry. Environment and Health Administration, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 72017 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, no 7, article id 742Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The most important anthropogenic sources of primary particulate matter (PM) in ambient air in Europe are exhaust and non-exhaust emissions from road traffic and combustion of solid biomass. There is convincing evidence that PM, almost regardless of source, has detrimental health effects. An important issue in health impact assessments is what metric, indicator and exposure-response function to use for different types of PM. The aim of this study is to describe sectorial contributions to PM exposure and related premature mortality for three Swedish cities: Gothenburg, Stockholm and Umea. Exposure is calculated with high spatial resolution using atmospheric dispersion models. Attributed premature mortality is calculated separately for the main local sources and the contribution from long-range transport (LRT), applying different relative risks. In general, the main part of the exposure is due to LRT, while for black carbon, the local sources are equally or more important. The major part of the premature deaths is in our assessment related to local emissions, with road traffic and residential wood combustion having the largest impact. This emphasizes the importance to resolve within-city concentration gradients when assessing exposure. It also implies that control actions on local PM emissions have a strong potential in abatement strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 14, no 7, article id 742
Keywords [en]
dispersion modeling, exposure, particulate matter, residential wood combustion, health impact assessment
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147173DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14070742ISI: 000407370700074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147173DiVA, id: diva2:1143372
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-21 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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