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Kinetics of Valeric Acid Ketonization and Ketenization in Catalytic Pyrolysis on Nanosized SiO2, gamma-Al2O3, CeO2/SiO2, Al2O3/SiO2 and TiO2/SiO2
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
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Number of Authors: 8
2017 (English)In: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 18, no 14, 1943-1955 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Valeric acid is an important renewable platform chemical that can be produced efficiently from lignocellulosic biomass. Upgrading of valeric acid by catalytic pyrolysis has the potential to produce value added biofuels and chemicals on an industrial scale. Understanding the different mechanisms involved in the thermal transformations of valeric acid on the surface of nanometer-sized oxides is important for the development of efficient heterogeneously catalyzed pyrolytic conversion techniques. In this work, the thermal decomposition of valeric acid on the surface of nanoscale SiO2, gamma-Al2O3, CeO2/SiO2, Al2O3/SiO2 and TiO2/SiO2 has been investigated by temperature-programmed desorption mass spectrometry (TPD MS). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) has also been used to investigate the structure of valeric acid complexes on the oxide surfaces. Two main products of pyrolytic conversion were observed to be formed depending on the nano-catalyst used-dibutylketone and propylketene. Mechanisms of ketene and ketone formation from chemisorbed fragments of valeric acid are proposed and the kinetic parameters of the corresponding reactions were calculated. It was found that the activation energy of ketenization decreases in the order SiO2 > gamma-Al2O3 > TiO2/SiO2 > Al2O3/SiO2, and the activation energy of ketonization decreases in the order gamma-Al2O3 > CeO2/SiO2. Nanooxide CeO2/SiO2 was found to selectively catalyze the ketonization reaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 18, no 14, 1943-1955 p.
Keyword [en]
biomass, heterogeneous catalysis, high-temperature chemistry, kinetics, renewable resources
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147167DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201601370ISI: 000407947700015PubMedID: 28393449OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147167DiVA: diva2:1143752
Available from: 2017-09-22 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2017-09-22Bibliographically approved

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