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A phylogenetic analysis of butterflies in the genus Colias
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3017-6069
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Zoology
Research subject
Population Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147405OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147405DiVA: diva2:1144546
Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2017-10-01
In thesis
1. A functional genomic investigation of an alternative life history strategy: The Alba polymorphism in Colias croceus
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A functional genomic investigation of an alternative life history strategy: The Alba polymorphism in Colias croceus
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Life history traits affect the timing and pattern of maturation, reproduction, and survival during an organism’s lifecycle and are the major components influencing Darwinian fitness. Co-evolved patterns of these traits are known as life history strategies (LHS) and variation occurs between individuals, populations, and species. The polymorphisms underlying LHS are important targets of natural selection, yet the underlying genes and physiological mechanisms remain largely unknown. Mapping the genetic basis of a LHS and subsequently unraveling the associated physiological mechanisms is a challenging task, as complex phenotypes are often polygenic. However, in several systems discrete LHS are maintained within the population and are inherited as a single locus with pleiotropic effects. These systems provide a promising starting point for investigation into LHS mechanisms and this thesis focuses on one such strategy - the Alba polymorphism in Colias butterflies. Alba is inherited as a single autosomal locus, expressed only in females, and simultaneously affects development rate, reproductive potential, and wing color. Alba females are white, while the alternative morph is yellow/orange. About 28 of 90 species exhibit polymorphic females, though whether the Alba mechanism and associated tradeoffs are conserved across the genus remains to be determined. In this thesis I primarily focus on the species Colias croceus and integrate results from lipidomics, transcriptomics, microscopy, and genomics to gain insights to the proximate mechanisms underlying Alba and Alba’s evolution within the genus. Lipidomics confirm that, consistent with findings in New World species, C. croceus Alba females have larger abdominal lipid stores than orange, an advantage which is temperature dependent and arises primarily due to mobilized lipids. Gene expression data suggests differences in resource allocation, with Alba females investing in reproduction rather than wing color, consistent with previous findings in other Colias species. Additionally, I identify a morphological basis for Alba’s white wing color. Alba females from C. croceus, an Old World species, and Colias eurytheme, a New World species both exhibit a significant reduction in pigment granules, the structures within the wing scale that contain pigment. This is a trait that seems to be unique to Colias as other white Pierid butterflies have an abundance of pigment granules, similar to orange females. I also map the genetic basis of Alba to a single genomic region containing an Alba specific, Jockey-like transposable element insertion. Interestingly this transposable element​ is located downstream of BarH-1, a gene known to affect pigment granule formation in Drosophila. Finally, I construct a phylogeny using a global distribution of 20 Colias species to facilitate investigations of Alba’s evolution within the genus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, 2017. 30 p.
Keyword
alternative life history strategy, butterfly wing color, Alba, Colias, color polymorphism, dimorphism, life history traits, physiology, lipidomics, genomics, pooled sequencing, phylogenomics, RNA-Seq, Pool-Seq
National Category
Zoology
Research subject
Population Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147351 (URN)978-91-7649-992-4 (ISBN)978-91-7649-993-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-10, Vivi Täckholmsalen (Q-salen), NPQ-huset, Svante Arrhenius väg 20, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-09-24 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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