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Direct and indirect electron precipitation effect on nitric oxide in the polar middle atmosphere, using a full-range energy spectrum
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3679-6744
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 122, no 8, 8679-8693 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In April 2010, a coronal mass ejection and a corotating interaction region on the Sun resulted in an energetic electron precipitation event in the Earth’s atmosphere. We investigate direct and indirect nitric oxide (NO) response to the electron precipitation. By combining electron fluxes from the Total Energy Detector and the Medium Energy Proton and Electron Detector on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites, we obtain a continuous energy spectrum covering 1–750 keV. This corresponds to electrons depositing their energy at atmospheric altitudes 60–120 km. Based on the electron energy deposition, taking into account loss due to photolysis, the accumulated NO number density is estimated. When compared to NO measured at these altitudes by the Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment instrument on board the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere satellite, the NO direct effect was detected down to 55 km. The main variability at these altitudes is, however, dominated by the indirect effect, which is downward transported NO. We estimate the source of this descending NO to be in the upper mesosphere at ~75–90 km.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 122, no 8, 8679-8693 p.
Keyword [en]
energetic electron precipitation, nitric oxide, direct and indirect effect
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147552DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024364ISI: 000411788800056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147552DiVA: diva2:1146678
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Hendrickx, KoenMegner, Linda
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CiteExportLink to record
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