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Evaluation of delta C-13 in Carbonaceous Aerosol Source Apportionment at a Rural Measurement Site
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
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Number of Authors: 8
2017 (English)In: Aerosol and Air Quality Research, ISSN 1680-8584, E-ISSN 2071-1409, Vol. 17, no 8, 2081-2094 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The stable isotope of carbon, C-13, has been used in several studies for source characterization of carbonaceous aerosol since there are specific signatures for different sources. In rural areas, the influence of different sources is complex and the application of delta C-13 for source characterization of the total carbonaceous aerosol (TC) can therefore be difficult, especially the separation between biomass burning and biogenic sources. We measured delta C-13 from 25 filter samples collected during one year at a rural background site in southern Sweden. Throughout the year, the measured delta C-13 showed low variability (-26.73 to -25.64%). We found that the measured delta C-13 did not correlate with other commonly used source apportionment tracers (C-14, levoglucosan). delta C-13 values showed lower variability during the cold months compared to the summer, and this narrowing of the delta C-13 values together with elevated levoglucosan concentrations may indicate contribution from sources with lower delta C-13 variation, such as biomass or fossil fuel combustion. Comparison of two Monte Carlo based source apportionment models showed no significant difference in results when delta C-13 was incorporated in the model. The insignificant change of redistributed fraction of carbon between the sources was mainly a consequence of relatively narrow range of delta C-13 values and was complicated by an unaccounted kinetic isotopic effect and overlapping delta C-13 end-member values for biomass burning and biogenic sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 17, no 8, 2081-2094 p.
Keyword [en]
End-member distributions, Biomass burning, Biogenic aerosol
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147122DOI: 10.4209/aaqr.2016.09.0392ISI: 000408055500013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147122DiVA: diva2:1147057
Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2017-10-04Bibliographically approved

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