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Three-dimensional magnetic structure of a sunspot: Comparison of the photosphere and upper chromosphere
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Germany .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0585-7030
Number of Authors: 4
2017 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 604, A98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims. We investigate the magnetic field of a sunspot in the upper chromosphere and compare it to the photospheric properties of the field. Methods. We observed the main leading sunspot of the active region NOAA 11124 during two days with the Tenerife Infrared Polarimeter-2 (TIP-2) mounted at the German Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT). Through inversion of Stokes spectra of the He i triplet at 10 830 angstrom, we obtained the magnetic field vector of the upper chromosphere. For comparison with the photosphere, we applied height-dependent inversions of the Si i 10 827.1 angstrom and Ca i 10 833.4 angstrom lines. Results. We found that the umbral magnetic field strength in the upper chromosphere is lower by a factor of 1.30-1.65 compared to the photosphere. The magnetic field strength of the umbra decreases from the photosphere toward the upper chromosphere by an average rate of 0.5-0.9Gkm 1. The difference in the magnetic field strength between both atmospheric layers steadily decreases from the sunspot center to the outer boundary of the sunspot; the field, in particular its horizontal component, is stronger in the chromopshere outside the spot and this is suggestive of a magnetic canopy. The sunspot displays a twist that on average is similar in the two layers. However, the differential twist between the photosphere and chromosphere increases rapidly toward the outer penumbral boundary. The magnetic field vector is more horizontal with respect to the solar surface by roughly 5-20 degrees in the photosphere compared to the upper chromosphere. Above a lightbridge, the chromospheric magnetic field is equally strong as that in the umbra, whereas the field of the lightbridge is weaker than its surroundings in the photosphere by roughly 1 kG. This suggests a cusp-like magnetic field structure above the lightbridge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 604, A98
Keyword [en]
Sun: chromosphere, Sun: infrared, Sun: magnetic fields, sunspots, techniques: spectroscopic techniques: polarimetric
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147944DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201730875ISI: 000408480100118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147944DiVA: diva2:1149916
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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