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Evidence for light-by-light scattering in heavy-ion collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
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Number of Authors: 2834
2017 (English)In: Nature Physics, ISSN 1745-2473, E-ISSN 1745-2481, Vol. 13, no 9, 852-858 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Light-by-light scattering (gamma gamma -> gamma gamma) is a quantum-mechanical process that is forbidden in the classical theory of electrodynamics. This reaction is accessible at the Large Hadron Collider thanks to the large electromagnetic field strengths generated by ultra-relativistic colliding lead ions. Using 480 mu b(-1) of lead-lead collision data recorded at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV by the ATLAS detector, here we report evidence for light-by-light scattering. A total of 13 candidate events were observed with an expected background of 2.6 +/- 0.7 events. After background subtraction and analysis corrections, the fiducial cross-section of the process Pb + Pb (gamma gamma) -> Pb-(center dot) + Pb-(center dot) gamma gamma, for photon transverse energy E-T > 3 GeV, photon absolute pseudorapidity vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.4, diphoton invariant mass greater than 6 GeV, diphoton transverse momentum lower than 2 GeV and diphoton acoplanarity below 0.01, is measured to be 70 +/- 24 (stat.) +/- 17 (syst.) nb, which is in agreement with the standard model predictions.

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2017. Vol. 13, no 9, 852-858 p.
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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147887DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS4208ISI: 000409235100017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147887DiVA: diva2:1151303
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Abulaiti, YimingÅkerstedt, HenrikBendtz, KatarinaBertoli, GabrieleBessidskaia Bylund, OlgaBohm, ChristianCarney, Rebecca M. D.Clément, ChristopheCribbs, Wayne A.Gellerstedt, KarlHellman, StenJon-And, KerstinLundberg, OlofMilstead, David A.Moa, TorbjörnMolander, SimonPöttgen, RuthRossetti, ValerioShaikh, Nabila W.Shcherbakova, AnnaSilverstein, Samuel B.Sjölin, JörgenStrandberg, SaraUghetto, MichaëlValdes Santurio, EduardoWallängen, Veronica
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