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Extended ionised and clumpy gas in a normal galaxy at z=7.1 revealed by ALMA
Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
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Number of Authors: 132017 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 605, article id A42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present new ALMA observations of the [O III] 88 mu m line and high angular resolution observations of the [C II] 158 mu m line in a normal star forming galaxy at z = 7.1. Previous [C II] observations of this galaxy had detected [C II] emission consistent with the Ly alpha redshift but spatially slightly off set relative to the optical (UV-rest frame) emission. The new [C II] observations reveal that the [C II] emission is partly clumpy and partly diffuse on scales larger than about 1 kpc. [O III] emission is also detected at high significance, off set relative to the optical counterpart in the same direction as the [C II] clumps, but mostly not overlapping with the bulk of the [C II] emission. The off set between different emission components (optical/UV and different far-IR tracers) is similar to that which is observed in much more powerful starbursts at high redshift. We show that the [O III] emitting clump cannot be explained in terms of diffuse gas excited by the UV radiation emitted by the optical galaxy, but it requires excitation by in-situ (slightly dust obscured) star formation, at a rate of about 7 M circle dot yr(-1). Within 20 kpc from the optical galaxy the ALMA data reveal two additional [O III] emitting systems, which must be star forming companions. We discuss that the complex properties revealed by ALMA in the z similar to 7.1 galaxy are consistent with expectations by recent models and cosmological simulations, in which differential dust extinction, differential excitation and different metal enrichment levels, associated with different subsystems assembling a galaxy, are responsible for the various appearance of the system when observed with distinct tracers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 605, article id A42
Keywords [en]
galaxies: evolution, galaxies: ISM, galaxies: high-redshift, infrared: general
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Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-148892DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630366ISI: 000412231200031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-148892DiVA, id: diva2:1158580
Available from: 2017-11-20 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2017-11-20Bibliographically approved

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