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Lithic Raw Material Economy in the Mesolithic: An Experimental Test of Edged Tool Efficiency and Durability in Bone Tool Production
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
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2017 (English)In: Lithic Technology, ISSN 0197-7261, Vol. 42, no 4, 140-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The foundation of this paper is lithic economy with a focus on the actual use of different lithic raw materials for tasks at hand. Our specific focus is on the production of bone tools during the Mesolithic. The lithic and osseous assemblages from Strandvägen, Motala, in east-central Sweden provide the archaeological background for the study. Based on a series of experiments we evaluate the efficiency and durability of different tool edges of five lithic raw materials: Cambrian flint, Cretaceous flint, mylonitic quartz, quartz, and porphyry, each used to whittle bone. The results show that flint is the most efficient of the raw materials assessed. Thus, a non-local raw material offers complements of functional characteristics for bone working compared to locally available quartz and mylonitic quartz. This finding provides a new insight into lithic raw material distribution in the region, specifically for bone tool production on site.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 42, no 4, 140-154 p.
Keyword [en]
Lithic raw material, experimental archeology, efficiency: durability, Mesolithic
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Osteoarchaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-149450DOI: 10.1080/01977261.2017.1374584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-149450DiVA: diva2:1161698
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
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