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Porous composite membranes based on cellulose acetate and cellulose nanocrystals via electrospinning and electrospraying
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Number of Authors: 2
2017 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 175, 149-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Porous and non-porous cellulose acetate (CA) - cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) electrospun nanocomposite fibers and electrosprayed-electrospun composite membranes were fabricated using two different binary solvent systems. To evaluate the expression of CNC as the active entity in the membrane, dye adsorption studies were carried out using Victoria Blue. To overcome the low surface area of thick porous fibers, a porous electrosprayed-electrospun composite has developed which exhibited 98% dye removal compared to non-porous counterparts (67.9%). The porous membrane with CNC showed an increase of 38 mV in surface zeta potential compared to 9 mV increases in the case of the nonporous membrane and after the dye adsorption, it maintained the negative charge, indicating that further adsorption is feasible. Moreover, the mechanical properties of porous fibers were found to be ten-fold better than that of nonporous fibers. Creating porous CA-CNC composites is demonstrated as a tool for ensuring better exposure of active materials during the adsorption reaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 175, 149-157 p.
Keyword [en]
Porous cellulose fibers, Cellulose nanocrystals, Adsorption, Surface zeta potential, Mechanical properties
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-148970DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.07.048ISI: 000411112500017PubMedID: 28917850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-148970DiVA: diva2:1163185
Available from: 2017-12-06 Created: 2017-12-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Nair, Santhosh S.Mathew, Aji P.
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