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Noun and verb knowledge in monolingual preschool children across 17 languages: Data from Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT)
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Number of Authors: 332017 (English)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish). The participants were 639 monolingual children aged 3;0-6;11 living in 15 different countries. Differences in vocabulary size were small between 16 of the languages; but isiXhosa-speaking children knew significantly fewer words than speakers of the other languages. There was a robust effect of word class: accuracy was higher for nouns than verbs. Furthermore, comprehension was more advanced than production. Results are discussed in the context of cross-linguistic comparisons of lexical development in monolingual and bilingual populations.

Place, publisher, year, pages
PHILADELPHIA: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC , 2017. Vol. 31, no 11-12, p. 818-843
Keywords [en]
Lexical development, cross-linguistic comparison, basic word classes, word comprehension, word production
National Category
Clinical Medicine Languages and Literature Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-149782DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2017.1308553ISI: 000415973600002PubMedID: 28441085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-149782DiVA, id: diva2:1164431
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Haman, EwaLuniewska, MagdalenaHansen, PernilleRingblom, NataliaSouthwood, Frenette
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Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German
Clinical MedicineLanguages and LiteratureHealth Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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More languages
Output format
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