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Odor-Based Context Dependent Memory
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
2017 (English)In: Springer Handbook of Odor / [ed] Andrea Buettner, Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017, p. 105-106Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Even though rarely thought of, all environmental spaces contain odor information. It has been proposed that the preconditions for episodic olfactory memory may not be optimal. For example, environmental olfactory information often goes unnoticed and barely evokes attention in humans and semantic activations that are a prerequisite for optimal episodic memory functioning are typically restricted. Still, it is highly likely that olfactory information will become part of a memory representation that is linked to a specific event. This implies that an event-congruent exposure of an odor carries the potential to trigger all, or parts of, a previous episode. Indeed, available evidence shows that odors may serve as powerful reminders of past experiences. This is demonstrated by studies exploring the nature of odor-evoked autobiographical memories and by controlled experimental paradigms where odors have been embedded in a learning context and later reinstated at retrieval where an increased memory recollection for the target information is often observed. These observations converge on the notion that odor memories are retained over long periods of time.

In this chapter, we will highlight olfactory cueing of memory and how odors may act as reminders of the recent and distant past.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017. p. 105-106
Keywords [en]
Autobiographical memory, odor
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-150112DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-26932-0_42ISBN: 978-3-319-26930-6 (print)ISBN: 978-3-319-26932-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-150112DiVA, id: diva2:1165187
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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