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Interactional justice at work is related to sickness absence: a study using repeated measures in the Swedish working population
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
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2017 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, article id 912Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Research has shown that perceived unfairness contributes to higher rates of sickness absence. While shorter, but more frequent periods of sickness absence might be a possibility for the individual to get relief from high strain, long-term sickness absence might be a sign of more serious health problems. The Uncertainty Management Model suggests that justice is particularly important in times of uncertainty, e.g. perceived job insecurity. The present study investigated the association between interpersonal and informational justice at work with long and frequent sickness absence respectively, under conditions of job insecurity.

Methods: Data were derived from the 2010, 2012, and 2014 biennial waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The final analytic sample consisted of 19,493 individuals. We applied repeated measures regression analyses through generalized estimating equations (GEE), a method for longitudinal data that simultaneously analyses variables at different time points. We calculated risk of long and frequent sickness absence, respectively in relation to interpersonal and informational justice taking perceptions of job insecurity into account.

Results: We found informational and interpersonal justice to be associated with risk of long and frequent sickness absence independently of job insecurity and demographic variables. Results from autoregressive GEE provided some support for a causal relationship between justice perceptions and sickness absence. Contrary to expectations, we found no interaction between justice and job insecurity.

Conclusions: Our results underline the need for fair and just treatment of employees irrespective of perceived job insecurity in order to keep the workforce healthy and to minimize lost work days due to sickness absence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 17, article id 912
Keywords [en]
interactional justice, interpersonal justice, informational justice, job insecurity, organizational justice, sickness absence, work stress, epidemiology, longitudinal studies
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-150199DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4899-yISI: 000417518500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-150199DiVA, id: diva2:1165821
Note

This work funded by grants of the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Science (grant no. P13-0905:1) and partly funded by the Stockholm Stress Center, a FORTE Centre of Excellence (FORTE, grant no. 2009-1758). The SLOSH study was supported by the Swedish Council or Working life (FAS, grant #2005-0734) and the Swedish Research Council (VR, grant no. 2009-6192 and 2013-1645). The funders had no role in the research process and were not involved in the writing of the article.

Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Leineweber, ConstanzeBernhard-Oettel, ClaudiaPeristera, ParaskeviNyberg, AnnaWesterlund, Hugo
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