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CO line emission from galaxies in the Epoch of Reionization
Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
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Number of Authors: 6
2018 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 473, no 1, 271-285 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the CO line luminosity (L-CO), the shape of the CO spectral line energy distribution (SLED), and the value of the CO-to-H-2 conversion factor in galaxies in the Epoch of Reionization (EoR). For this aim, we construct a model that simultaneously takes into account the radiative transfer and the clumpy structure of giant molecular clouds (GMCs) where the CO lines are excited. We then use it to post-process state-of-the-art zoomed, high resolution (30 pc), cosmological simulation of a main-sequence (M-* approximate to 10(10) M-circle dot, SFR approximate to 100M(circle dot) yr(-1)) galaxy, 'Althaea', at z approximate to 6. We find that the CO emission traces the inner molecular disc (r approximate to 0.5 kpc) of Althaea with the peak of the CO surface brightness co-located with that of the [C-II] 158 mu m emission. Its LCO(1-0) = 10(4.85) L-circle dot is comparable to that observed in local galaxies with similar stellar mass. The high (Sigma(gas) approximate to 220M(circle dot) pc(-2)) gas surface density in Althaea, its large Mach number (M approximate to 30) and the warm kinetic temperature (T-k approximate to 45 K) of GMCs yield a CO SLED peaked at the CO(7-6) transition, i.e. at relatively high-J and a CO-to-H-2 conversion factor alpha(CO) approximate to 1.5M(circle dot) (K km s(-1) pc(2))(-1) lower than that of the Milky Way. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observing time required to detect (resolve) at 5 sigma the CO(7-6) line from galaxies similar to Althaea is approximate to 13 h (approximate to 38 h).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 473, no 1, 271-285 p.
Keyword [en]
ISM: clouds, ISM: molecules, galaxies: high-redshift, galaxies: ISM, infrared: ISM
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-150035DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2376ISI: 000415653600022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-150035DiVA: diva2:1167200
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Vallini, LiviaPallottini, A.
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