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Emotion appraisal dimensions inferred from vocal expressions are consistent across cultures: a comparison between Australia and India
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology.
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2017 (English)In: Royal Society Open Science, E-ISSN 2054-5703, Vol. 4, no 11, article id 170912Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explored the perception of emotion appraisal dimensions on the basis of speech prosody in a cross-cultural setting. Professional actors from Australia and India vocally portrayed different emotions (anger, fear, happiness, pride, relief, sadness, serenity and shame) by enacting emotion-eliciting situations. In a balanced design, participants from Australia and India then inferred aspects of the emotion-eliciting situation from the vocal expressions, described in terms of appraisal dimensions (novelty, intrinsic pleasantness, goal conduciveness, urgency, power and norm compatibility). Bayesian analyses showed that the perceived appraisal profiles for the vocally expressed emotions were generally consistent with predictions based on appraisal theories. Few group differences emerged, which suggests that the perceived appraisal profiles are largely universal. However, some differences between Australian and Indian participants were also evident, mainly for ratings of norm compatibility. The appraisal ratings were further correlated with a variety of acoustic measures in exploratory analyses, and inspection of the acoustic profiles suggested similarity across groups. In summary, results showed that listeners may infer several aspects of emotion-eliciting situations from the non-verbal aspects of a speaker's voice. These appraisal inferences also seem to be relatively independent of the cultural background of the listener and the speaker.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 4, no 11, article id 170912
Keywords [en]
acoustic parameters, appraisal, cross-cultural, emotion, recognition, speech, vocal expression
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-150480DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170912ISI: 000416787500038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-150480DiVA, id: diva2:1168232
Note

This research was funded by the Swedish Research Council (2006-1360 and 2012-801 to P.L.), the United States National Science Foundation (BCS-0617624 to H.A.E.) and the Australian Research Council (FT120100053 to E.S.).

Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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