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Fatigue in transport: a review of exposure, risks, checks and controls
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Radboud University, Netherlands.
2017 (English)In: Transport reviews, ISSN 0144-1647, E-ISSN 1464-5327, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 742-766Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human fatigue continues to threaten safe transport. There are claims that employers of operators should do more to mitigate the risks, and several regulators are promoting fatigue-risk management in the context of safety management systems (SMS). The current paper reviews fatigue-related risk and exposure factors and control measures for operators of land- and sea-based transport forms. Our review identifies 13 types of measures for the monitoring or control of fatigue risks: optimal staffing; optimal schedule design; optimisation of breaks/naps; monitoring of actual hours worked; optimisation of work content; monitoring and feedback of actual sleep; health screening and treatment; promotion of recovery from work; fitness-for-duty testing; monitoring of fatigue symptoms while operating; control of fatigue while operating; performance monitoring and assistance; and fatigue-proofing. We also identify two systemic measures needed to anchor risk mitigation in SMS: organisational learning and training/other. By structuring monitoring and control measures along Dawson and McCulloch's fatigue-risk trajectory, a framework is obtained that acts as a guide for fatigue-risk management by transport employers. To inform transport managers further, evaluations are needed of the effectiveness of individual control measures as well as whole fatigue-risk management interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 37, no 6, p. 742-766
Keywords [en]
Fatigue, risk management, sea, road, rail, organisation, countermeasures
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151351DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2017.1349844ISI: 000422941000007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151351DiVA, id: diva2:1172642
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved

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