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Evolutionary history of the NAM-B1 gene in wild and domesticated tetraploid wheat
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory. Linköping University, Sweden; The Nordic Museum, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 32017 (English)In: BMC Genetics, ISSN 1471-2156, E-ISSN 1471-2156, Vol. 18, article id 118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The NAM-B1 gene in wheat has for almost three decades been extensively studied and utilized in breeding programs because of its significant impact on grain protein and mineral content and pleiotropic effects on senescence rate and grain size. First detected in wild emmer wheat, the wild-type allele of the gene has been introgressed into durum and bread wheat. Later studies have, however, also found the presence of the wild-type allele in some domesticated subspecies. In this study we trace the evolutionary history of the NAM-B1 in tetraploid wheat species and evaluate it as a putative domestication gene. Results: Genotyping of wild and landrace tetraploid accessions showed presence of only null alleles in durum. Domesticated emmer wheats contained both null alleles and the wild-type allele while wild emmers, with one exception, only carried the wild-type allele. One of the null alleles consists of a deletion that covers several 100 kb. The other null-allele, a one-basepair frame-shift insertion, likely arose among wild emmer. This allele was the target of a selective sweep, extending over several 100 kb. Conclusions: The NAM-B1 gene fulfils some criteria for being a domestication gene by encoding a trait of domestication relevance (seed size) and is here shown to have been under positive selection. The presence of both wild-type and null alleles in domesticated emmer does, however, suggest the gene to be a diversification gene in this species. Further studies of genotype-environment interactions are needed to find out under what conditions selection on different NAM-B1 alleles have been beneficial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 18, article id 118
Keywords [en]
Selective sweep, Grain protein content (GPC), Emmer, Durum, Domestication gene
National Category
History and Archaeology Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151205DOI: 10.1186/s12863-017-0566-7ISI: 000418687000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151205DiVA, id: diva2:1172960
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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