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Phospholipases AtPLD1 and AtPLD2 function differently in hypoxia
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
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Number of Authors: 52018 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, E-ISSN 1399-3054, Vol. 162, no 1, p. 98-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Besides hydrolyzing different membrane phospholipids, plant phospholipases D and molecular species of their byproducts phosphatidic acids (PLDs/PAs) are involved in diverse cellular events such as membrane-cytoskeleton dynamics, hormone regulation and biotic and/or abiotic stress responses at cellular or subcellular levels. Among the 12 Arabidopsis PLD genes, PLD1 and PLD2 uniquely possess Ca2+-independent phox (PX) and pleckstrin (PH) homology domains. Here, we report that mutants deficient in these PLDs, pld1 and pld2, show differential sensitivities to hypoxia stimulus. In the present study, we used protoplasts of wild type and mutants and compared the hypoxia-induced changes in the levels of three major signaling mediators such as cytoplasmic free calcium [Ca-cyt.(2+)], hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and PA. The concentrations of cytosolic Ca2+ and H2O2 were determined by fluorescence microscopy and the fluorescent dyes Fura 2-AM and CM-H(2)DCFDA, specific for calcium and H2O2, respectively, while PA production was analyzed by an enzymatic method. The study reveals that AtPLD1 is involved in reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling, whereas AtPLD2 is involved in cytosolic Ca2+ signaling pathways during hypoxic stress. Hypoxia induces an elevation of PA level both in Wt and pld1, while the PA level is unchanged in pld2. Thus, it is likely that AtPLD2 is involved in PA production by a calcium signaling pathway, while AtPLD1 is more important in ROS signaling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 162, no 1, p. 98-108
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151191DOI: 10.1111/ppl.12620ISI: 000418236000006PubMedID: 28834646OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151191DiVA, id: diva2:1173008
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Lindberg, SylviaPremkumar, AlbertRasmussen, Ulla
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