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Ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, life satisfaction and school achievement of Roma ethnic minority youth
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 62, p. 175-183Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Explaining Positive Adaptation of Immigrant Youth across Cultures.

This study tested a mediation model of ethnic socialization (i.e., parental practices that promote children's knowledge about their history, heritage culture, cultural authenticity, and ethnic bias management) in Roma youth. Roma are the largest ethnic minority group in Europe subjected to severe discrimination, both currently and historically. Participants were 202 Roma youth aged 14 to 19 years old (M = 16.25, 53% females), who provided self-reports on their experience of ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, school achievement, and life satisfaction. Cultural pride reinforcement was related to better school achievement, whereas cultural coping with antagonism was positively related to life satisfaction. The study confirmed the model in that ethnic socialization was positively related to life satisfaction through effects on ethnic identity but negatively associated with school achievement. Findings have implications for adaptive cultural mechanisms promoting positive developmental outcomes among historically disadvantaged groups including those intersecting immigrant and multigenerational ethnic minority group categories.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 62, p. 175-183
Keywords [en]
ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, life satisfaction, school achievement, Roma ethnic minority
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151720DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.06.003ISI: 000423249100020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151720DiVA, id: diva2:1175097
Note

The authors would also like to acknowledge the support by a Marie Curie Grant (Forte Projekt 2013-2669) and Japan Society for Promotion of Science Grant (JSPS PE 15763) to the first author. We would like to thank Neli Filipova, Radka Kostadinova, Stoyka Jekova, Albena Damyanova, all school personal and students for their help in carrying out the study.

Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-03-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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