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Female labor force participation and second birth rates in South Korea
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4131-3957
2016 (English)In: Journal of Population Research, ISSN 1443-2447, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 173-195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent decades, while female labour force participation rates in South Korea have increased, the country’s total fertility rates have declined dramatically. This study explores the association between women’s labour force participation and second birth rates in South Korea over the period 1980–2006. An event-history analysis is applied to longitudinal data from waves 1–10 of the Korea Labour and Income Panel Study. The study shows that post-birth labour force participation significantly reduced women’s propensity for having a second child, whereas non-employment after first birth was associated with an increased propensity. Women with highly educated husbands had a higher likelihood of enlarging the family. Further, the second birth trend in Korea fluctuated in tandem with the country’s institutional and socio-economic development. The childbearing propensity of homemakers was especially sensitive to the business cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 33, no 2, p. 173-195
Keywords [en]
Education, Labour force participation, Asian financial crisis, Second birth rates, South Korea
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151818DOI: 10.1007/s12546-016-9166-zISI: 000387423400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151818DiVA, id: diva2:1175685
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved

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