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Internet-based stress management for distressed managers: results from a randomised controlled trial
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2018 (English)In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 75, no 2, p. 105-113Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective The aim of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the efficacy of a guided internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among distressed managers compared with a attention control group (AC) with full access to treatment-as-usual.

Method A total sample of 117 distressed managers, mainly employed in the healthcare, IT, communication and educational sector, were randomised to either iSMI (n=59) or an AC group (n=58). The iSMI consisted of eight modules including cognitive behavioural stress management and positive management techniques. Participants received a minimal and weekly guidance from a psychologist or master-level psychology student focusing on support, feedback and adherence to the intervention. Self-report data were assessed at pre, post and 6 months after the intervention. The primary outcome was perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14). The secondary outcomes included mental and work-related health outcomes.

Results Participants in the iSMI intervention reported significantly less symptoms of perceived stress (d=0.74, 95% CI 0.30 to 1.19) and burnout (d=0.95, 95% CI 0.53 to 1.37) compared with controls, at postassessment. Significant medium-to-large effect sizes were also found for depression, insomnia and job satisfaction. Long-term effects (6 months) were seen on the mental health outcomes.

Conclusion This is one of the first studies showing that iSMIs can be an effective, accessible and potentially time-effective approach of reducing stress and other mental-related and work-related health symptoms among distressed managers. Future studies are needed addressing distressed managers and the potential of indirect effects on employee stress and satisfaction at work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 75, no 2, p. 105-113
Keywords [en]
internet-based, stress management, distressed managers, RCT, internet-based stress management intervention
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151824DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2017-104458OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151824DiVA, id: diva2:1175725
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved

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