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Kinetics and Mechanism of the Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Arylating Carbocyclization of Allenynes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
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Number of Authors: 62018 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 140, no 1, p. 298-309Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pd-catalyzed C-C bond-forming reactions under oxidative conditions constitute a class of important and widely used synthetic protocols. This Article describes a mechanistic investigation of the arylating carbocyclization of allenynes using boronic acids and focuses on the correlation between reaction conditions and product selectivity. Isotope effects confirm that either allenic or propargylic C-H activation occurs directly after substrate binding. With an excess of H2O, a triene product is selectively formed via allenic C-H activation. The latter C-H activation was found to be turnover-limiting and the reaction zeroth order in reactants as well as the oxidant. A dominant feature is continuous catalyst activation, which was shown to occur even in the absence of substrate. Smaller amounts of H2O lead to mixtures of triene and vinylallene products, where the latter is formed via propargylic C-H activation. The formation of triene occurs only in the presence of ArB(OH)(2). Vinylallene, on the other hand, was shown to be formed by consumption of (ArBO)(3) as a first-order reactant. Conditions with sub-stoichiometric BF3 center dot OEt2 gave selectively the vinylallene product, and the reaction is first order in PhB(OH)(2). Both C-H activation and transmetalation influence the reaction rate. However, with electron-deficient ArB(OH)(2), C-H activation is turnover-limiting. It was difficult to establish the order of transmetalation vs C-H activation with certainty, but the results suggest that BF3 center dot OEt2 promotes an early transmetalation. The catalytically active species were found to be dependent on the reaction conditions, and H2O is a crucial parameter in the control of selectivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 140, no 1, p. 298-309
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Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-152535DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b10267ISI: 000422813300058PubMedID: 29155573OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-152535DiVA, id: diva2:1184328
Available from: 2018-02-21 Created: 2018-02-21 Last updated: 2018-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Widmalm, GöranBäckvall, Jan-E.
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