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Adulthood-limited offending: How much is there to explain?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6191-7002
2018 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 55, p. 58-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The current study explores male and female adult-onset offending careers in a Swedish population-based longitudinal dataset comprising five successive birth cohorts which are followed prospectively on the basis of detailed conviction data to age 50.

Methods

Adult-onset offenders are compared to juvenile-onset offenders on a number of criminal career measures. Growth curve analysis is employed to visualize average trajectories for convictions during adulthood.

Results

The study found that 22% of convicted males and 38% of convicted females were convicted for the first time for offenses committed between ages 25 and 50. The adult-onset males contributed 19% of all male adulthood convictions and 16% of male violent convictions in adulthood. The adult-onset females contributed 47% of all female adulthood convictions and 48% of female violent convictions in adulthood. While the adolescent-onset trajectories displayed generally decreasing trends for offending in adulthood, adult-onset females displayed increasing trends in relation to trajectories of violence and drug/alcohol-related offending as they approached middle adulthood.

Conclusions

There is a need for developmental and life-course theories of crime to be explicit in explaining adult-onset offending, particularly in relation to gender disparities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 55, p. 58-70
Keyword [en]
Criminal career, Developmental and life-course criminology, Adult-onset offending, Gender, Population studies, Growth curve
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153411DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.02.002ISI: 000428956500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-153411DiVA, id: diva2:1186417
Projects
The inequality of the crime drop
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-04-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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