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"Les voix du rebut" ("Garbage Speeches"/"As falas do lixo"): pratiques orales de positionnement social en contexte d’interactions asymétriques (oral practices of social positioning in asymmetric interactions/práticas orais de posicionamento social em interações assimétricas)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
Number of Authors: 12017 (French)In: Brésil(s), ISSN 2257-0543, Vol. 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Garbage - that which is excluded, put aside, hidden, buried, taken out of sight, and rejected - is the starting point of this paper. Approached as refuted matter, garbage circulates between private and public arenas, between centers of power and forgotten peripheries. Approached as a social metaphor, garbage marks the limits between categories, between those things and people considered to have value, and those considered to be useless and disposable. In this paper, I discuss the use of language as a strategy for social positioning by analyzing some everyday interactions taking place among women from different social classes gathered during fieldwork in Southeastern Brazil. As I show, when practiced in asymmetric interactions, these garbage speeches not only classify people in terms of status and value, but also reinforce already existing differences. At focus in the present analysis are oral practices of social positioning where status and social exclusion are harshly negotiated.

Abstract [fr]

Le "rebut" – ce qui est exclu, mis de côté, caché, enterré, ôté de la vue, rejeté – est au point de départ de cet article. Considéré comme matière repoussée, il circule dans les espaces publics et privés, entre les centres de pouvoir et les périphéries oubliées. Vu comme métaphore sociale, il marque les limites entre catégories, entre ce, celui ou celle qui ont de la valeur et ce, celui ou celle qui sont inutiles, bons à jeter. Je m’interroge ici sur l’usage de la parole comme stratégie de positionnement social grâce à l’analyse de quelques interactions du quotidien entre femmes de classes sociales différentes, recueillies à diverses périodes d’un travail de terrain dans le Sud-est brésilien. Comme je le montre, les « voix du rebut », lorsqu’elles sont pratiquées dans des interactions asymétriques, non seulement classent les individus en terme de statut et de valeur, mais aussi renforcent la différence entre des personnes occupant des positions sociales inégales. J’analyse ici les jeux oraux de positionnement lorsque le statut et l’exclusion sociale sont durement négociés.

Abstract [pt]

Lixo – aquilo que é excluído, posto de lado, escondido, enterrado, retirado do foco de atenção, rejeitado – é o ponto de partida do presente artigo. Visto como matéria rejeitada, o lixo circula entre arenas públicas e privadas ; entre centros de poder e periferias esquecidas.  Visto como metáfora social, o lixo marca limites entre categorias, entre aquilo e aquelas(es) que têm valor e aquilo ou aquelas(es) que são inúteis, descartáveis. Discuto aqui o uso da fala como estratégia de posicionamento social através da análise de algumas interações cotidianas entre mulheres de diferentes classes sociais, coletadas durante diversos períodos de trabalho de campo no sudeste brasileiro.  Como será mostrado, as « falas do lixo », quando praticadas em interações assimétricas, não só classificam indivíduos em termos de status e valor, como também reforçam a diferença entre pessoas ocupando posições sociais desiguais. Analisa-se aqui jogos orais de posicionamento onde status e exclusão social são duramente negociados.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 12
Keywords [en]
speech, women, games of social positioning, garbage, value
Keywords [pt]
fala, mulheres, jogos de posicionamento social, lixo, valor
Keywords [fr]
discours, femmes, jeux de positionnement sociaux, rebut, valeur
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153688DOI: 10.4000/bresils.2325ISI: 000424167300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-153688DiVA, id: diva2:1187843
Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved

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