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Political campaigning 2.0: The influence of online news and social networking sites on attitudes and behavior
Södertörn University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9740-2609
2014 (English)In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 231-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to examine differences in influence between online news (e.g., New York Times) and social networking sites (e.g., Facebook and Twitter) on attitudes in political campaigns. In a web-based experiment, campaign, polls and election between two fictitious candidates were simulated. Participants’ explicit and implicit attitudes as well as voting behavior were assessed using self-report items and the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The results reveal that information emanating from online news had a significant influence on explicit and implicit attitudes while that of social networking sites did not. Overall, negative items had a stronger impact than positive ones, more so in online news compared to social networking sites. Negative information from either type of media was more likely to change participants’ explicit attitudes in a negative direction and as a consequence also change their vote. Practical implications of the findings and limitations of the study are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 6, no 3, p. 231-247
Keywords [en]
online news, social networking sites, attitudes, political campaign, Implicit Association Test, Facebook, Twitter
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Information Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-153965DiVA, id: diva2:1189334
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-04-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Co-creating democracy: Conceptualizing co-creative media to facilitate democratic engagement in society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-creating democracy: Conceptualizing co-creative media to facilitate democratic engagement in society
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Internet-based information and communication technology (ICT) have increasingly been used to facilitate and support democratic engagement in society. A growing body of research has demonstrated that the Internet and, in particular, social media have given citizens the opportunity to participate, interact, network, collaborate, and mobilize themselves within communities. While these media have broadened the means of exercising citizenship in many forms of participatory democracy, the technological prerequisites exist to go beyond the standard uses of social media (e.g., social networking, entertainment) and towards proactive and co-creative democratic engagement. Such engagement includes, but is not limited to, participatory activities for democratic purposes. Further, some researchers have argued that representative democracy is in decline and has several limitations related to citizens' trust in politicians and engagement with representative institutions. There is a recognition among scholars to infuse representative democracy with participatory bottom-up processes by employing ICT in an attempt to bridge these limitations. In order to further facilitate and support participatory as well as co-creative processes, this thesis elaborates a concept of co-creative media.

The process of this work was guided by the following question: How can co-creative media be theoretically anchored and conceptualized in order to facilitate and support citizen engagement within democratic processes? A concept-driven design research approach was adopted to address this research question, and this resulted in five interconnected articles. Firstly, based on the results from each article, four design guidelines were formulated to further guide the design of co-creative media for democratic engagement. These design guidelines may support future participatory design processes in which stakeholders collectively contribute to the development and evaluation of co-creative media. The guidelines constitute a resource that stakeholders may use to develop adaptations of co-creative media for the purposes of facilitating democratic engagement. Secondly, the results from each article were fed forward into the concept-driven research process as theoretical and empirical insights, which were used to inform and elaborate the main contribution of this thesis, namely the concept of co-creative media.

The concept of co-creative media in its form outlined by this thesis seeks to broaden citizens’ democratic engagement by means of creating virtual spaces in which new ideas, initiatives, knowledge, solutions, and digital tools could emerge. The implications of co-creative media could be to create, develop, and strengthen partnerships between communities and local services, extend digital skills in society through community-engaged practitioners, and propagate as well as coordinate large-scale co-creative practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, 2018. p. 92
Series
Report Series / Department of Computer & Systems Sciences, ISSN 1101-8526 ; 18-005
Keywords
co-creative media, democracy, concept-driven design research, socio-technical systems, consensus-seeking, internet voting, mobilization, open so
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Information Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153968 (URN)978-91-7649-113-3 (ISBN)978-91-7797-215-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-05-24, Lilla hörsalen, NOD-huset, Borgarfjordsgatan 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Accepted.

Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-03-27 Last updated: 2018-05-02Bibliographically approved

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