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Spatial distribution in Norwegian lemming Lemmus lemmus in relation to the phase of the cycle
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9207-5709
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5496-4727
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2018 (English)In: Polar Biology, ISSN 0722-4060, E-ISSN 1432-2056Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Competition between individuals of the same or different species affects spatial distribution of organisms at any given time. Consequently, a species geographical distribution is related to population dynamics through density-dependent processes. Small Arctic rodents are important prey species in many Arctic ecosystems. They commonly show large cyclic fluctuations in abundance offering a potential to investigate how landscape characteristics relates to density-dependent habitat selection. Based on long-term summer trapping data of the Norwegian lemming (Lemmus lemmus) in the Scandinavian Mountain tundra, we applied species distribution modeling to test if the effect of environmental variables on lemming distribution changed in relation to the lemming cycle. Lemmings were less habitat specific during the peak phase, as their distribution was only related to primary productivity. During the increase phase, however, lemming distribution was, in addition, associated with landscape characteristics such as hilly terrain and slopes that are less likely to get flooded. Lemming habitat use varied during the cycle, suggesting density-dependent changes in habitat selection that could be explained by intraspecific competition. We believe that the distribution patterns observed during the increase phase show a stronger ecological signal for habitat preference and that the less specific habitat use during the peak phase is a result of lemmings grazing themselves out of the best habitat as the population grows. Future research on lemming winter distribution would make it possible to investigate the year around strategies of habitat selection in lemmings and a better understanding of a fundamental actor in many Arctic ecosystems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Small rodents, Density-dependent, Competition, Habitat, Primary productivity
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153974DOI: 10.1007/s00300-018-2293-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-153974DiVA, id: diva2:1189419
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Fjällrävsprojektet
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Interreg Sweden-NorwayAvailable from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-05-09

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Le Vaillant, MarylineErlandsson, RasmusElmhagen, BodilAngerbjörn, Anders
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