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Den tidiga Jesusbönen och meditation i grekisk-romersk filosofi
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
2017 (Swedish)In: Patristica Nordica Annuaria, ISSN 2001-2365, Vol. 32, p. 117-136Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well-established that the Jesus prayer basically takes form in early monasticism. Just a few scholars have very briefly suggested a possible connection with late antique philosophy. This article examines the early development of the Jesus prayer in the Collationes by John Cassian, the Gnostic chapters by Diadochus of Photike and The Ladder of Divine Ascent by John Climacus, over against two well-known practices in late antique philosophy: meletē or meditation (a repetitive recitation of short sayings) and mnēmē tou theou or dei memoriam (a practice aimed at a constant remembrance of God). From the considerable correspondence in form and purpose, the article argues for a clear impact from late antique philosophy on the gradual development. The main differences are the type of text that is the object of the practice, and the inner attitudes that the practice is aiming at. Homer and Greco-Roman wisdom sayings are replaced by bible verses, and humility and repentance are new monastic inner attitudes not that prevalent in ancient philosophy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 32, p. 117-136
Keywords [en]
Early monasticism, Greco-Roman philosophy, meditation, prayer, Jesus prayer, melete, remembrance of God, John Cassian, Diadochus of Photike, John Climacus, Seneca the Younger
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History of Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-153993DiVA, id: diva2:1189458
Funder
Riksbankens JubileumsfondAvailable from: 2018-03-10 Created: 2018-03-10 Last updated: 2018-07-27Bibliographically approved

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