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Supernovae 2016bdu and 2005gl, and their link with SN 2009ip-like transients: another piece of the puzzle
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Number of Authors: 552018 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 474, no 1, p. 197-218Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Supernova (SN) 2016bdu is an unusual transient resembling SN 2009ip. SN 2009ip-like events are characterized by a long-lasting phase of erratic variability that ends with two luminous outbursts a few weeks apart. The second outburst is significantly more luminous (about 3 mag) than the first. In the case of SN 2016bdu, the first outburst (Event A) reached an absolute magnitude M-r approximate to -15.3 mag, while the second one (Event B) occurred over one month later and reached M-r approximate to -18 mag. By inspecting archival data, a faint source at the position of SN 2016bdu is several times in the past few years. We interpret these detections as signatures of a phase of erratic variability, similar to that experienced by SN 2009ip between 2008 and mid-2012, and resembling the currently observed variability of the luminous blue variable SN 2000ch in NGC 3432. Spectroscopic monitoring of SN 2016bdu during the second peak initially shows features typical of an SN IIn. One month after the Event B maximum, the spectra develop broad Balmer lines with P Cygni profiles and broad metal features. At these late phases, the spectra resemble those of a typical Type II SN. All members of this SN 2009ip-like group are remarkably similar to the Type IIn SN 2005gl. For this object, the claim of a terminal SN explosion is supported by the disappearance of the progenitor star. While the similarity with SN 2005gl supports a genuine SN explosion scenario for SN 2009ip-like events, the unequivocal detection of nucleosynthesized elements in their nebular spectra is still missing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 474, no 1, p. 197-218
Keywords [en]
supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: SN 2016bdu, SN 2005gl, SN 2009ip, SN 2010mc, LSQ13zm, SN 2015bh
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153638DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2668ISI: 000424339500017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-153638DiVA, id: diva2:1189757
Available from: 2018-03-12 Created: 2018-03-12 Last updated: 2018-03-12Bibliographically approved

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Fraser, M.Lundqvist, PeterTaddia, Francesco
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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