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Family policy as an institutional context of economic inequality
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2018 (English)In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

It is demonstrated that family policies are an important aspect of the institutional context of earnings inequality among coupled households. Although seldom integrated into prominent analyses of economic inequality, women’s earnings are consistently found to reduce relative inequality among households. This means that family policies, as well-known determinants of women’s employment and earnings, are important contextual determinants of economic inequality. Using Luxembourg Income Study data from 18 OECD countries in the period 1981–2008, this study demonstrates that women have higher earnings, and that their earnings reduce inequality among coupled households more in institutional contexts with generous paid leave and public childcare. We found no sizeable association between financial support policies, such as family allowances and tax benefits to families with children, and the degree to which women’s earnings contribute to inequality among coupled households. Family policy arrangements that facilitate women’s employment and earnings are associated with less economic inequality among coupled households.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Childcare, family policy, gender inequality, income inequality, paid leave, women’s earnings
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154190DOI: 10.1177/0001699318760125OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154190DiVA, id: diva2:1191536
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-10-31

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Nieuwenhuis, Rense
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