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Fathers and Mothers Taking Leave from Paid Work to Care for a Child: Economic Considerations and Occupational Conditions of Work
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

While most types of unpaid work have become considerably more equally divided over decades, child care that requires leave from paid work is still extremely gender specialized. Understanding conditions of paid work that can make leave-taking for both parents possible is crucial to halt the onset of gender specialization in couples. In this study, Sweden is utilized as a context in which the family policy constellation provides a real opportunity for both fathers’ and mothers’ leave-taking. The number of parental leave weeks taken by the father and the mother in the first two years of the child’s life is analyzed using administrative register data for 29,366 couples having their first child in 2009. Multi-level cross-classified models with each couple nested in 112 father and 111 mother occupations are used to estimate effects of conditions of work that have been hypothesized to hinder fathers’ leave-taking. Career costs, job insecurity and flexibility explained little variation in father leave. The strongest predictor was the father’s occupational skill level, i.e., the higher the skill level required for the occupation, the more leave fathers take. As would be expected from gendered norms and behavior and resulting gendered assumptions of care at the workplace, some of the conditions of work favorable for mothers’ leave-taking are not transferrable to fathers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University , 2018. , p. 35
Series
Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, ISSN 0281-8728, E-ISSN 2002-617X ; 2018:12
Keyword [en]
child care, parental leave, Sweden, occupations, multi-level modelling Stockholm
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154649DOI: 10.17045/sthlmuni.6079724.v1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154649DiVA, id: diva2:1194922
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 349-2007-8701Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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