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Biodiversity mitigates trade-offs among multiple ecosystem services
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9180-2994
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1124-306X
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Biodiversity loss and its effects on humanity is a major global concern. While a growing body of literature have found positive links between biodiversity and multiple functions, the relationship with multiple ecosystem services is yet unclear. Existing long-term studies of biodiversity-functionality relationships are mainly based on controlled field experiments or simulations, often at a spatial scale irrelevant for management. The complex links between biodiversity, functions and services need to be explored further in real-world systems. Here, we use a trait-based approach to integrate plant functions in the ecosystem service assessment in non-experimental grassland settings over time. We find that trade-offs among services at the species level become positive relationships when addressing the full species community diversity, showing strong positive relationships between biodiversity and all tested services. Our results also indicate that increasing biodiversity in an already species-rich ecosystem further contribute to provision of multiple services. Managing ecosystems to enhance biodiversity is therefore essential to secure a sustainable provision of multiple ecosystem services.

Keyword [en]
Biodiversity, Ecosystem service, Multifunctionality, Plant, Restoration, Semi-natural grassland 
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
Research subject
Physical Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154639OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154639DiVA, id: diva2:1194963
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2009- 1105
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
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Waldén, EmelieQueiroz, CibeleLindborg, Regina
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