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War in Political Philosophy
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
2017 (English)In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, Oxford University Press, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We can distinguish between three moral approaches to war: pacifism, realism, and just war theory. There are various theoretical approaches to war within the just war tradition. One of the central disputes between these approaches concerns whether war is morally exceptional (as held by exceptionalists), or morally continuous with ordinary life (as held by reductive individualists). There are also significant debates concerning key substantive issues in the ethics of war, such as reductivist challenges to the thesis that combatants fighting an unjust war are the moral equals of those fighting a just war, and the challenge to reductivism that it undermines the principle of noncombatant immunity. There are also changing attitudes to wars of humanitarian intervention. One under-explored challenge to the permissibility of such wars lies in the better outcomes of alternative ways of alleviating suffering. The notion of unconventional warfare has also come to recent prominence, not least with respect to the moral status of human shields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017.
Keywords [en]
war, exceptionalism, reductive individualism, human shields, combatant equality, noncombatant immunity, humanitarian intervention
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154924DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.89OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154924DiVA, id: diva2:1195899
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 1521101Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved

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