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Facets of Male Violence Against Women With Substance Abuse Problems: Women With a Residence and Homeless Women
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 33, no 9, p. 1391-1411Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this study were to investigate the type and extent to which women with substance abuse problems have been exposed to male violence during their lifetime, and to examine possible differences between women with a residence (WR) and homeless women (HW). The total sample included 79 women (WR, n = 35; HW, n = 44; M age = 47.8 years). Of the total sample, 72 women (91%) had experienced different kinds of male violence, 88% from former partners, and 26% from male friends or acquaintances. Of the 72 women, 71% further reported “Countless occasions of violent events,” and 36% had been forced to commit criminal acts. Abused women who had been forced to commit criminal acts were significantly more frequently found to be homeless, have reported parental alcohol and/or drug problems, have witnessed domestic violence in childhood, have been victims of sexual violence, have used illicit drugs as a dominant preparation, and have injected illicit drugs. Almost half of the abused women (46%) met criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), where HW showed an almost 4-time higher risk (RR 3.78) than WR. In conclusion there is a particular vulnerability in women with substance abuse to male violence, which has an important impact on their health status. Thus, from a public health perspective, it is suggested that for those women who have experienced male violence, treatment protocols need to include both assessing and addressing the impact of such experience in relation to substance abuse as well as concomitant health concerns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 33, no 9, p. 1391-1411
Keywords [en]
substance abuse problems, male violence, homelessness, women with a residence, PTSD, criminal activity, public mental health
National Category
Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155068DOI: 10.1177/0886260515618211ISI: 000429878100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-155068DiVA, id: diva2:1196672
Note

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The research was supported by grants from the Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority (Dnr: 03663/2009, to B.a.K.); the Kempe–Carlgrenska Foundation (Dnr 2013, to B.a.K.); the Swedish National Institute of Public Health (Dnr: VERK 2013/502, to B.a.K.); Uppsala University IMPACT research program grant, Wellbeing and Health area (to V.D.); and Uppsala University post-doctoral research grant (to C.S.B.).

Available from: 2018-04-10 Created: 2018-04-10 Last updated: 2018-04-30Bibliographically approved

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