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Sex Composition, Birth Order and Spacing: A New Approach to Studying Gendered Sibling Effects on Adult Outcome
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-155151DiVA, id: diva2:1197353
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sibling Configuration and Adulthood Outcomes: The Case of Two-Child Families
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sibling Configuration and Adulthood Outcomes: The Case of Two-Child Families
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis includes three empirical studies, analyzing how sibling configuration (i.e. birth order, birth spacing and sex-composition) influences siblings’ long-run income and educational choice. This is done by utilizing the unique linkage opportunities of administrative registers covering the entire population of Sweden.

Study I: This paper focuses on how different birth spacing intervals are associated with income rank from ages 33 to 42 years, for siblings in two-child families. The results show clear differences between first- and second-born siblings. At the more common spacing intervals (less than 5 years), spacing has a negligible association to second-born children’s long-term income rank. However, first-born children have lower income rank when a younger sibling is born when they are very young. Having relatively high spacing intervals (over 5 years) is associated with somewhat lower long-term income-rank than having mid-length intervals for both first- and second-born siblings.

Study II: This study focuses on the association between combinations of sibling configuration (i.e. birth order, birth spacing and sex composition) and long-run income rank of siblings. The results show that the significance of different family factors in two-child families vary by sibling sex-composition. The findings suggest that both birth order and birth spacing are important factors for first born boys independent of the younger sibling’s sex. First-born girls, however, only have an advantage if they have a younger sister. More surprisingly is that this advantage does not seem to vary by birth spacing.

Study III: This study examines how sibling gender configuration in Swedish two-child families influences the choice of so-called STEM educational fields (i.e. Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics). The results show that younger siblings, net of parental characteristics, are more likely to choose a STEM field if their older sibling already has attended a STEM program. The findings indicate that boys’ choice of STEM fields is independent of having an older brother or sister who has attended a STEM program. However, girls seem to be more likely to choose a STEM-field if they have a sister who has attended a STEM program, than if they have a brother with a similar program. Given that STEM-fields are markedly male dominated, this indicate the importance of having a same-sex role model for making gender atypical educational choices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2018. p. 22
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 100
Keywords
educational choice, income, siblings, birth order, birth spacing, sex-composition, STEM, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155155 (URN)978-91-7797-155-9 (ISBN)978-91-7797-156-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-01, Hörsal 11, Hus F, Universitetsvägen 10 F, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript. Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2018-05-08 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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