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Learning through Visual Illustration and Retrieval Practice
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8026-0050
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
2014 (English)In: Earli SIG 2 Comprehension of text and graphics, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that studying with (vs. without) visual illustrations as well as taking tests (vs. restudying) is beneficial for learning. Both are well-known learning strategies, but they have not previously been investigated in combination and rarely in the classroom. In this study, 133 upper secondary students were given a lecture presented only verbally or with the aid of a visual illustration. The students processed the information again either by retrieval practice or by restudying it. Recall and transfer tests were conducted after some few minutes, after a week and after 10 weeks. Visuoverbal presentation resulted in better learning than verbal presentation only. Although a modest testing effect was found, this effect was considerably weaker than the multimedia effect. Retrieval practice did not improve the participants’ memory performance beyond the beneficial effect of visuoverbal learning. Presentation format proved to be a more important factor for learning than study strategy.

 

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Multimedia learning, retrieval practice, testing effect, learning, visual illustration
National Category
Psychology Didactics
Research subject
Didactics; Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155279OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-155279DiVA, id: diva2:1198353
Conference
Earli SIG 2 Comprehension of text and graphics: Building bridges - Improving our understanding of learning from text and graphics by making the connection, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, August 25-27, 2014
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Jägerskog, Ann-SofieJönsson, FredrikSelander, Staffan
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