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I Am So Tired... How Fatigue May Exacerbate Stress Reactions to Psychological Contract Breach
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. University of Calgary, Canada.
Number of Authors: 3
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 231Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees' physical and mental well-being. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions. Moreover, we suggest that this mediated relationship is moderated by initial levels of fatigue, due to fatigue lowering the personal resources necessary to cope with breach events. To tests our hypotheses, we analyzed the multilevel data we obtained from two experience sampling designs (Study 1: 51 Belgian employees; Study 2: 53 US employees). Note that the unit of analysis is observations rather than respondents, resulting in an effective sample size of 730 (Study 1) and 374 (Study 2) observations. In both studies, we found evidence for the mediating role of negative emotions in the PC breach-stress relationship. In the second study, we also found evidence for the moderating role of fatigue in the mediated PC breach-stress relationship. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 231
Keyword [en]
psychological contract breach, stress, negative emotions, fatigue, moderated mediation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154781DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00231ISI: 000426699100001PubMedID: 29559935OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154781DiVA, id: diva2:1198612
Available from: 2018-04-18 Created: 2018-04-18 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved

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