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The Legality of Rebel Courts during Non-International Armed Conflicts
Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5935-0676
2018 (English)In: Journal of International Criminal Justice, ISSN 1478-1387, E-ISSN 1478-1395, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 235-263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines relevant norms concerning trials conducted by courts established by armed non-state actors (referred to as ‘rebels’) during non-international armed conflicts. While such courts are often justified by rebels in the interest of securing law and order, states’ perceptions are more negative, especially the territorial state concerned. This raises questions under international humanitarian law, human rights law and international criminal law on the legality of such courts and of fair trial guarantees. Legal deficiencies may result in individual criminal responsibility for the individuals involved, including judges and those carrying out sentences. This article pays attention to the intention held by states when drafting relevant norms and a recent case where a domestic court in Sweden ruled on the individual criminal responsibility of a soldier for carrying out sentences issued by a rebel court, a first for any court worldwide. The dilemma of rebel courts reveals opposing interests in international humanitarian law and international criminal law and raises important policy considerations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 16, no 2, p. 235-263
Keywords [en]
Rebel courts, Syria, International Criminal Law
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Public International Law; Criminal Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155403DOI: 10.1093/jicj/mqy012ISI: 000439164400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-155403DiVA, id: diva2:1199297
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved

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