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Who Moves to Whom? Gender Differences in the Distance Moved to a Shared Residence
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Linköping University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6932-6496
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Uppsala University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1246-2427
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Although the migration of couples and families is well examined, the migration that occurs at the start of co-residence has only been minimally studied. This study examines (1) whether women move more often and move over longer distances at the start of co-residence and (2) whether gender differences (if any) stem from compositional differences between women and men, such as gender differences in ties, or if they are the consequence of the within-couple distribution of bargaining power. The analyses are performed on Swedish population register data from 1991 to 2008, including longitudinal information on the residence of all couples who either married or had a child as cohabitants in 2008, backtracking them to the year of union formation. The results indicate that women are more prone to move for the sake of their male partner in the process of union formation than vice versa. If partners lived in close proximity prior to co-residence, the woman’s increased likelihood of moving and longer distance moved is nearly completely explained by power imbalances in the couple. Gender differences in ties only have minor importance in explaining gender differences in these types of migration patterns. If partners lived far apart prior to co-residence, gender differences are particularly pronounced. These differences remain after adjusting for the two partners’ relative resources. We contribute to the family migration literature by suggesting that women’s higher propensity to move and their longer distance moved are indications that even couples’ decisions at the start of co-residence are made in favour of the man’s career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Union formation, Migration, Migration distance, Co-residence, Gender
National Category
Human Geography Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociological Demography; Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155763DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9490-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-155763DiVA, id: diva2:1201985
Projects
Swedish Initiative for Research on Microdata in the Social and Medical Sciences (SIMSAM): Stockholm University SIMSAM Node for Demographic Research
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 445-2013-7681Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5460Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164EU, European Research Council, 324233Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, DNR M12-0301:1Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Brandén, MariaHaandrikman, Karen
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