Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Den fria dativens struktur i ryska: En kontrastiv studie mellan ryska och svenska
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Slavic and Baltic Studies, Finnish, Dutch, and German, Slavic Languages.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien undersöker den fria dativens struktur i ryska utifrån ett kontrastivt perspektiv. Genom en parallellkorpusbaserad metod jämförs språkliga kontexter för ryska och svenska. Resultatet visar att den ryska fria dativen strukturellt kan kategoriseras i intressets dativ, den omdömesfällande personens dativ och etisk dativ i första respektive andra person. Intressets dativ motsvarar de semantiska rollerna benefaktiv och malefaktiv, den omdömesfällande personens dativ judikantis och etisk dativ i första person upplevare. Etisk dativ i andra person kan representeras av antingen benefaktiv eller upplevare. Morfologiskt har intressets dativ och den omdömesfällande personens dativ svenska ekvivalenter. För etisk dativ påvisades inga ekvivalenter. Däremot upptäcktes olika typer av kompensationer till etisk dativ. Talarens negativa inställning till lyssnaren kan i ekvivalenta satser i svenska bäras av possessiva pronomen i andra person eller av pejorativa ord. Uttryck av besvikelse kan i motsvarande svenska satser kodas genom olika sorters jämförelsekonstruktioner.

Abstract [en]

The present study investigates the structure of the Russian free dative from a contrastive perspective. Linguistic contexts are compared through a method based on parallel corpora. The result shows that the Russian free dative structurally can be categorized as follows: dative of interest, dativus iudicantis and ethical dative. Dative of interest corresponds to the semantic roles beneficiary and maleficiary, dativus iudicantis to iudicantis and ethical dative in the first person to experiencer. Ethical dative in the second person is represented by either beneficiary or experiencer. Dative of interest and dativus iudicantis have morphologically Swedish equivalents. Data from the corpus could not provide equivalents for the ethical dative. Instead, various types of compensations to the ethical dative in the second person were discovered. The speaker’s negative attitude to the listener can in Swedish equivalent clauses be carried by a possessive pronoun in the second person or by pejorative words. Expressions of disappointment can in corresponding Swedish clauses be encoded by comparative constructions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 78
Keywords [en]
Russian, free dative, ethical dative, dative, contrastive linguistics, Swedish, parallel corpus
Keywords [sv]
Ryska, fri dativ, dativ, kontrastiv lingvistik, svenska, parallellkorpus
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-155816OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-155816DiVA, id: diva2:1202605
Presentation
2015-06-03, E439, Stockholm, 11:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-28 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2018-04-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Samuelsson, Thomas
By organisation
Slavic Languages
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 50 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf