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From childhood to young adulthood: the importance of self-esteem during childhood for occupational achievements among young men and women
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the impact of self-esteem during childhood on men’s and women’s occupational prestige in young adulthood. By combining first-hand information from parents in the Swedish Level-of-Living surveys (LNU) 2000 and their children in the Child-LNU in 2000 and the follow-up study in LNU-2010, we are able to assess how self-esteem during adolescence is related to occupational prestige in adulthood. Multivariate analyses were used to determine whether associations between self-esteem (global and domain-specific) in childhood (aged 10–18 years) and occupational prestige in young adulthood (aged 20–28) exist and, if so, what the magnitudes of these associations are for each respective gender.

For women, there is a positive association between confidence in mathematics and prestige, even when accounting for actual math grades. Global self-esteem is positively related to later occupational prestige as well. For men, self-esteem is unrelated to occupational prestige. Only actual performance in mathematics is important for men’s occupational achievements.

These results indicate the importance of taking gender differences into account when investigating how self-esteem is related to outcomes in young adulthood. A possible implication is the importance of focusing on the development of self-esteem among children, particularly girls, in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Gender, labour market, self esteem, youth work, career
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156189DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2018.1468876OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156189DiVA, id: diva2:1203411
Available from: 2018-05-03 Created: 2018-05-03 Last updated: 2018-06-18

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Magnusson, CharlottaNermo, Magnus
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The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)Department of Sociology
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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  • Other style
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