Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rapidly developing multimorbidity and disability in older adults: does social background matter?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 82018 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 283, no 5, p. 489-499Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Multimorbidity is among the most disabling geriatric conditions. In this study, we explored whether a rapid development of multi morbidity potentiates its impact on the functional independence of older adults, and whether different sociodemographic factors play a role beyond the rate of chronic disease accumulation. Methods. A random sample of persons aged >= 60 years (n = 2387) from the Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) was followed over 6 years. The speed of multimorbidity development was estimated as the rate of chronic disease accumulation (linear mixed models) and further dichotomized into the upper versus the three lower rate quartiles. Binomial negative mixed models were used to analyse the association between speed of multimorbidity development and disability (impaired basic and instrumental activities of daily living), expressed as the incidence rate ratio (IRR). The effect of sociodemographic factors, including sex, education, occupation and social network, was investigated. Results. The risk of new activity impairment was higher among participants who developed multi morbidity faster (IRR 2.4, 95% Cl 1.9-3.1) compared with those who accumulated diseases more slowly overtime, even after considering the baseline number of chronic conditions. Only female sex (IRR for women vs. men 1.6, 95% Cl 1.2-2.0) and social network (IRR for poor vs. rich social network 1.7, 95% Cl 1.3-2.2) showed an effect on disability beyond the rate of chronic disease accumulation. Conclusions. Rapidly developing multimorbidity is a negative prognostic factor for disability. However, sociodemographic factors such as sex and social network may determine older adults' reserves of functional ability, helping them to live independently despite the rapid accumulation of chronic conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 283, no 5, p. 489-499
Keywords [en]
activities of daily living, disability, elderly, multimorbidity, social determinants of health
National Category
Clinical Medicine Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156612DOI: 10.1111/joim.12739ISI: 000430468100008PubMedID: 29415323OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156612DiVA, id: diva2:1210407
Available from: 2018-05-28 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-05-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wang, Hui Xin
By organisation
Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI)Stress Research Institute
In the same journal
Journal of Internal Medicine
Clinical MedicineGerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 5 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf