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The Bergen 4-Day OCD Treatment Delivered in a Group Setting: 12-Month Follow-Up
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Haukeland University Hospital, Norway.
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Number of Authors: 52018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 639Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Bergen 4-day concentrated exposure treatment (cET) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has proven highly acceptable; with practically no drop-out and a 6 month remission rate of nearly 70%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate long term gains of the approach, and to compare the results to findings from our recent meta-analysis. Sixty-nine of 95 patients consecutively referred to an outpatient clinic in the specialist health care, were offered the Bergen 4-day treatment. Among the 65 who initiated treatment, 60.0% were classified with severe to extreme OCD. None of the patients dropped-out during treatment. Independent Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale interviews were conducted post-treatment, and at 3- and 12-month follow-up. Using the international consensus criteria, 83.1% responded to treatment at 12-month follow-up, and 67.7% of patients were classified as recovered. Significant changes were also seen in depression, as measured by Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and in generalized anxiety, as measured by Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale. A total of 89% of the patients rated the treatment as very good and 100% would recommend the treatment to a friend. Compared to results in a recent meta-analysis, the Bergen 4-day treatment is favorable in respect to attrition, response and 12-month recovery. In sum the Bergen 4-day treatment is a feasible way to deliver treatment for OCD, and the effects are stable at 12-month follow-up. Implications for dissemination are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 639
Keywords [en]
OCD, ERP, concentrated exposure treatment, Bergen 4-day program, group format, long term follow-up, patients' acceptance
National Category
Psychology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156588DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00639ISI: 000431348500001PubMedID: 29774005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156588DiVA, id: diva2:1211159
Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved

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