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Ultra-deep Large Binocular Camera U-band Imaging of the GOODS-North Field: Depth Versus Resolution
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Number of Authors: 162018 (English)In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, ISSN 0004-6280, E-ISSN 1538-3873, Vol. 130, no 988, article id 064102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a study of the trade-off between depth and resolution using a large number of U-band imaging observations in the GOODS-North field from the Large Binocular Camera (LBC) on the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). Having acquired over 30 hr of data (315 images with 5-6 minutes exposures), we generated multiple image mosaics, starting with the best atmospheric seeing images (FWHM less than or similar to 0 ''.8), which constitute similar to 10% of the total data set. For subsequent mosaics, we added in data with larger seeing values until the final, deepest mosaic included all images with FWHM less than or similar to 1 ''.8 (similar to 94% of the total data set). From the mosaics, we made object catalogs to compare the optimal-resolution, yet shallower image to the lower-resolution but deeper image. We show that the number counts for both images are similar to 90% complete to U-AB less than or similar to 26 mag. Fainter than U-AB similar to 27 mag, the object counts from the optimal-resolution image start to drop-off dramatically (90% between U-AB = 27 and 28 mag), while the deepest image with better surface-brightness sensitivity (mu(AB)(U) less than or similar to 32 mag arcsec(-2)) show a more gradual drop (10% between U-AB similar or equal to 27 and 28 mag). For the brightest galaxies within the GOODS-N field, structure and clumpy features within the galaxies are more prominent in the optimal-resolution image compared to the deeper mosaics. We conclude that for studies of brighter galaxies and features within them, the optimal-resolution image should be used. However, to fully explore and understand the faintest objects, the deeper imaging with lower resolution are also required. Finally, we find-for 220 brighter galaxies with U-AB less than or similar to 23 mag-only marginal differences in total flux between the optimal-resolution and lower-resolution light-profiles to mu(AB)(U) less than or similar to 32 mag arcsec(-2). In only 10% of the cases are the total-flux differences larger than 0.5 mag. This helps constrain how much flux can be missed from galaxy outskirts, which is important for studies of the Extragalactic Background Light.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 130, no 988, article id 064102
Keywords [en]
diffuse radiation, galaxies: general, galaxies: photometry, methods: data analysis, techniques: image processing, techniques: high angular resolution
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-156780DOI: 10.1088/1538-3873/aab542ISI: 000431794900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-156780DiVA, id: diva2:1213041
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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Rutkowski, Michael J.
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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