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Municipality Attraction and Commuter Mobility in Urban Sweden: An Analysis Based on Longitudinal Population Data
Stockholm University.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. (SUDA - SPaDE)
2018 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 55, no 9, p. 1875-1903Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

At the individual level, commuting can be seen as part of a search process that may lead to adjustments in terms of migration or change of workplace. The behavior of commuters is affected by individual characteristics and factors related to housing, labor and transport markets. It can provide insight into factors related to different municipalities’ levels of attraction. In our study, we provide a longitudinal analysis of individual commuting behavior during a one-year study period: we simultaneously address the dynamics of ending commuting by a migration event, a change of workplace, or both. Our study is situated in the urban region that surrounds the lake Mälaren of Sweden, including its capital Stockholm. We draw on unique register data on the entire commuter population of that region and linked contextual data on the characteristics of the municipalities where the commuters live and work. Migration rates are strongly related to demographic variables, whereas the propensity to change workplace mainly varies with economic variables. We demonstrate that the attraction of a municipality in terms of residence increases with the general accessibility to workplaces and decreases with its level of housing prices. An increased supply of new dwellings in a municipality has a greater impact on the capacity to increase its population than has an increased supply of workplaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 55, no 9, p. 1875-1903
Keywords [en]
commuting, migration, planning, Sweden, transport
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157563DOI: 10.1177/0042098017705829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-157563DiVA, id: diva2:1222609
Projects
SIMSAM
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-21

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