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Recognition of a Devonian‐early Mississippian plutonic belt in the eastern Beishan area, Northwest China, and its tectonic implications
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences. Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, China; Peking University, China.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0498-1849
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2018 (English)In: Geological Journal, ISSN 0072-1050, E-ISSN 1099-1034, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 803-819Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Beishan area, located in the southernmost part of the Central Asia Orogenic Belt, is crucial for understanding the tectonic evolution associated with the closure of the Paleo‐Asian Ocean. One intermediate and two granitic plutons from the eastern Beishan area between Mingshui–Shibanjing–Xiaohuangshan (MSX) and Niujuanzi–Xichangjing (NX) ophiolitic belts, including Tongchangkou gabbroic diorite, Northern Tongchangkou and Sandaomingshui plutons, are dated at 426 ± 3, 408 ± 2, and 365 ± 2 Ma by SIMS U–Pb zircon analyses. The Middle Silurian Tongchangkou gabbroic diorites with medium‐K calc‐alkaline metaluminous characteristics represent volcanic arc rocks. The Early Devonian Northern Tongchangkou pluton, a highly evolved calc‐alkaline mylonitic monzogranite with low εNd(t), −3.5 and −2.4, and relatively low initial 87Sr/86Sr (0.707095 and 0.707249), was mainly derived from Mesoproterozoic mafic to intermediate igneous protolith and shows both volcanic arc and postcollisional characteristics. The Late Devonian Sandaomingshui pluton, a calc‐alkaline granite with slightly positive εNd(t), 0.6 and 0.9, and low (87Sr/86Sr)t, 0.705543 and 0.705851, is likely from a more depleted source and represents a volcanic arc granite. Combined with previous studies of Late Paleozoic granites, we find that the widely distributed Permian granites in Central Asia Orogenic Belt are absent between MSX and NX ophiolitic belts. Given the regional geology, we conclude that the back‐arc basin represented by the NX ophiolitic belt closed during Early Devonian and afterward, flat subduction of the oceanic basin represented by the MSX ophiolitic belt occurred. It also indicates that the oceanic crust was still being produced in the Paleo‐Asian Ocean during the early Carboniferous.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 53, no 3, p. 803-819
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
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Geology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157621DOI: 10.1002/gj.2928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-157621DiVA, id: diva2:1223123
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

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