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Analysis of rainfall trends over Indo-Pakistan summer monsoon and related dynamics based on CMIP5 climate model simulations
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 32018 (English)In: International Journal of Climatology, ISSN 0899-8418, E-ISSN 1097-0088, Vol. 38, p. e577-e595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the effects of climate change and global warming on the South Asian summer monsoon rainfall trend is critically important for millions of inhabitants of this region. This study investigates seasonal (June-September) rainfall trend over the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent by using 36 climate model outputs from the World Climate Research Programme's Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project Phase 5. The historical (1951-2005) and future (2006-2100) simulations under two representative concentration pathways (RCPs), RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, are analysed for this purpose. Model reproducibility is evaluated based on spatial correlation of seasonal rainfall and vertically integrated meridional moisture transport between simulated and observed fields. It is found that the majority of models shows reasonable skill in capturing the observed pattern of rainfall climatology and trend over the subcontinent. Our results showed that the models are more skilful in simulating seasonal mean moisture transport than trend over the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. Of the 36 models analysed, only two models HadGEM2-AO and CNRM-CM5 closely approximate both the climatology and trend based on statistical performance metrics. Our results suggest that the strengthening of northwards moisture transport over the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal is a likely reason for the increasing rainfall trend over Indo-Pakistan subcontinent in a warmer climate. The RCP8.5 indicates marked increase in both rainfall and moisture transport trends compared to RCP4.5 forcing scenario.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 38, p. e577-e595
Keywords [en]
CMIP5, rainfall trends, moisture transport, monsoon, South Asia, dynamics
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157824DOI: 10.1002/joc.5391ISI: 000431999600039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-157824DiVA, id: diva2:1223991
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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