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Effects of the hierarchical macro/mesoporous structure on the osteoblast-like cell response
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Number of Authors: 102018 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A, ISSN 1549-3296, E-ISSN 1552-4965, Vol. 106, no 7, p. 1896-1902Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To improve the success of medical devices, implants with strong surface bioactivity are urgently required. Coatings with a macroporous structure produced by micro-arc oxidation possess advantages, such as strong adhesion to substrate and excellent resistance to wear and corrosion. Mesoporous structures contain pores with sizes of 2-50 nm, which can endow the biomaterials with the ability to enhance osteogenesis and to be loaded with diverse drugs. Thus, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of both macroporous and mesoporous structures using a hierarchical macro/mesoporous structure to modify the titanium implant surface. The behaviors of SaOS-2 human osteosarcoma cells on the macro/mesoporous structure, including initial adhesion, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and collagen secretion, were investigated. Cells that attached on the macro/mesoporous surface showed the highest cell numbers and greatest spreading area after incubation for 1, 2, and 4 h compared with the polished smooth substrate and macroporous surface in the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS). However, in the absence of FBS, cell adhesion on the polished substrate, macroporous structure, and macro/mesoporous structure did not differ significantly. Cell proliferation on the macroporous and macro/mesoporous surfaces increased compared with that on the smooth substrate surface. Furthermore, ALP activity and collagen secretion were enhanced on the macro/mesoporous structure. Our findings provided important insights into the cellular responses to macro/mesoporous structures in the field of implant surface modification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 106, no 7, p. 1896-1902
Keywords [en]
bone regeneration, micro, nanostructure, macro-arc oxidation, mesoporous film, titanium implant
National Category
Medical Engineering Industrial Biotechnology Biomaterials Science Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157637DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36387ISI: 000434124100013PubMedID: 29520936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-157637DiVA, id: diva2:1228113
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Shen, Zhijian
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Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK)
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