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School Climate, Academic Achievement and Educational Aspirations in Roma Minority and Bulgarian Majority Adolescents
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
2018 (English)In: Child and Youth Care Forum, ISSN 1053-1890, E-ISSN 1573-3319, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 645-658Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: School climate can promote students’ academic achievement and high educational aspirations. School climate refers to the quality and character of school life, norms, values, social interactions and organizational processes within a school.

Objective: We examined for the present sample whether (a) school climate relates to academic achievement and educational aspirations and (b) such relations vary for Roma minority compared to their majority peers.

Method: Participants in this cross-sectional study were 356 adolescents aged 11–19 years old (159 Roma, 197 Bulgarian majority), 332 mothers (149 Roma, 183 majority), 231 fathers (104 Roma, 127 majority) and 221 majority teachers who completed self-report surveys to address the study goals. Adolescents provided data on educational aspirations and academic achievement, parents on their children’s educational aspirations and teachers reported on school climate. We employed linear mixed models to explore associations of school climate, academic achievement and educational aspirations among Roma and Bulgarian majority youth.

Results: There were negative associations between teacher-reported school climate and students’ academic achievement, as well as adolescent and parental educational aspirations for Roma adolescents only. Roma adolescents and parents reported lower academic achievement and educational aspirations than their majority counterparts.

Conclusions: This study supports the relevance of school climate in relation to academic achievement and aspirations of disadvantaged minority students. Interventions should pay close attention to perceptions and attitudes in a school to successfully promote positive outcomes among students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 47, no 5, p. 645-658
Keywords [en]
school climate, academic achievement, educational aspirations, Roma adolescents, Bulgaria
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158101DOI: 10.1007/s10566-018-9451-4ISI: 000443687100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158101DiVA, id: diva2:1233150
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareAvailable from: 2018-07-16 Created: 2018-07-16 Last updated: 2018-09-21Bibliographically approved

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