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In situ toxicity and ecological risk assessment of agro-pesticide runoff in the Madre de Dios River in Costa Rica
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Number of Authors: 82018 (English)In: Environmental science and pollution research international, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 25, no 14, p. 13270-13282Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The River Madre de Dios (RMD) and its lagoon is a biodiversity rich watershed formed by a system of streams, rivers, channels, and a coastal lagoon communicating with the Caribbean Sea. This basin sustains a large area of agricultural activity (mostly banana, rice, and pineapple) with intensive use of pesticides, continually detected in water samples. We investigated in situ the toxicological effects caused by pesticide runoff from agriculture and the relation of pesticide concentrations with different biological organization levels: early responses in fish biomarkers (sub-organismal), acute toxicity to Daphnia magna (organismal), and aquatic macroinvertebrate community structure. The evaluation was carried out between October 2011 and November 2012 at five sites along the RMD influenced by agricultural discharges and a reference site in a stream outside the RMD that receives less pesticides. Acute toxicity to D. magna was observed only once in a sample from the RMD (Cano Azul); the index of biomaiker responses in fish exposed in situ was higher than controls at the same site and at the RMD-Freeman. However, only macroinvertebrates were statistically related to the presence of pesticides, combined with both physical-chemical parameters and habitat degradation. All three groups of variables determined the distribution of macroinvertebrate taxa through the study sites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 25, no 14, p. 13270-13282
Keywords [en]
Pineapple, Bananas, Pesticides, Aquatic toxicology, Macminvertebrate community, Fish biomarkers, Costa Rica
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157799DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-7817-4ISI: 000433038500008PubMedID: 27757743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-157799DiVA, id: diva2:1235237
Available from: 2018-07-24 Created: 2018-07-24 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarsson, Jonas S.
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
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