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Factual vs. evidential?: The past tense forms of spoken Khalkha Mongolian
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics. Academia Sinica, Taiwan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6564-4451
2018 (English)In: Evidence for evidentiality / [ed] Ad Foolen, Helen de Hoop, Gijs Mulder, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 45-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Past tense forms of spoken Khalkha Mongolian distinguish between established (-sang) and non-established knowledge, which is then either based on direct (-laa) or indirect (-jee) evidence. Time of acquisition thus determines whether information source is marked, though vivid recollection (-laa) and deferred realization (-jee) overrule it. Conversely, attempted recollection in questions (-l=uu) doesn’t presuppose sensory perception. A fourth suffix (-v) is used if well-established events still surprise the speaker. These suffixes may also be used in a discontinuous fashion to refer to the future and then modally qualify predictions as inevitable (-sang), apprehended [but preventable] (-v), based on sensory evidence (-laa) or inferred (-jee). The distinction between unsourced -sang and sourced -laa/-jee is thus not about factual stance, but codes the extent to which information is consolidated in memory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018. p. 45-76
Series
Human Cognitive Processing, ISSN 1387-6724 ; 61
Keywords [en]
direct evidence, discontinuous tense, indirect evidence, mirative, preventive, time of acquisition
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158438ISBN: 978-90-272-0095-2 (print)ISBN: 978-90-272-6391-9 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158438DiVA, id: diva2:1236364
Available from: 2018-08-02 Created: 2018-08-02 Last updated: 2018-08-14Bibliographically approved

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